ERICH LESSING - HUNGARIAN REVOLUTION 1956

The beginning of the De-Stalinization period in Hungary favoured the development of an opposition movement, particularly among students and intellectuals. Imre Nagy who was called in as Prime Minister had obtained the demand of Soviet troops being withdrawn. He became submerged by the spread of the insurrectional movement in Budapest and the provinces. Abolishing the ‘unique’ party system on the 13th October 1956 he demanded Hungary’s withdrawal of the Warsaw Pact and neutrality. (+)

On 23rd October 1956, what began as a mass rally in Budapest quickly evolved into the Hungarian Revolution. Within days, millions of Hungarians were supporting the revolt. It lasted until 4 November, when it was crushed by the Hungarian Security Police and Soviet tanks and artillery. Thousands of Hungarian revolutionaries and Soviets were killed and injured, and nearly a quater of a million people fled the country as refugees.

Erich Lessing was the first photographer to arrive in Hungary, and he documented the short-lived uprising and its aftermath in a series of photographs. These world-famous images bring to life once more the hope and euphoria of the first days of the revolt, so soon to be followed by pain and punishment of its brutal suppression. (+)

Find more pictures here.

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© Hulton-Deutsch / Corbis, Oct 9, 1934, Assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia

Lieutenant Colonel Poillet cuts down the assassin of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia who was shot dead during a state visit to Marseille, France on 9 October 1934. The gunman, who was identified as Vlado Chernozemski, was an agent of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organisation and the Croatian fascist movement, the Ustasa. Chernozemski, who also killed the French foreign minister and the king’s chauffeur, was beaten to death by an angry mob following the shooting.

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© AP Photo, Unknown photographer, Nov. 9, 1979, Demonstrators burn an American flag atop the wall of the U.S. Embassy where students have been holding American hostages since Nov. 4, Iran

On Friday, September 27, 2013 United States President Barack Obama made a phone call to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. The last direct conversation between the leaders of the United States and Iran was in 1979 before the Iranian Revolution toppled the pro-U.S. Shah and brought the Ayatollahs to power.

Historic photographs, published by Denver Post, date from 1890 to 1981, recalling the century leading up to Iran’s 1979 revolution and the American embassy hostage crisis in Tehran.

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© Bill Hudson / AP, May 4, 1963, Birmingham, Alabama

Police lead a group of black school children to jail after their arrest for protesting against racial discrimination near city hall.

This is one of the most absurd pictures I have seen in connection with all the March On Washington posts all over the web. Arresting peacefully demonstrating children, wow. I wonder how police ability tests looked like back in these days - I guess the ability to switch off certain parts of the brain was (and maybe still is) an very important factor for achieving admission criteria.

© Garry Winogrand, 1964, American Legion Convention, Dallas

This photograph is part of the readable article ‘What is Street Photography?' on Eric Kim's blog. Thanks to LPV Magazine for the link!

Eric Kim asked: "What does this [photograph] say about our society?”

Have you got an answer for him?

THE END OF THE KOREAN WAR

61 years ago, on July 27, 1952, the Korean War ended, leaving millions of people dead. The brutal conflict lasted for roughly three years, from June 1950, until 1953, when the United Nations Command, the North Korean People’s Army and the Chinese People’s Volunteers signed an armistice agreement.

South Korean president Syngman Rhee refused to sign the document, however — meaning that, technically, North and South Korea have been at war (or, at the very least, have not been at peace) for the past six decades. (read more)

IMAGE INFO
© Margaret Bourke-White, 1952, A member of the South Korean National Police holds the severed head of a North Korean communist guerrilla during the Korean War
© Carl Mydans, 1952, Slaughtered South Korean prisoners and peasants

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© Unknown photographer, 1970s, Argentina

A woman lays dead on the side of the road after the car she was in was shot by right-wing paramilitary forces known as Triple A (Argentine Anti-communist Alliance) on the outskirts of La Plata, Argentina.

In 1975, the right-wing dictatorships of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Paraguay embarked on a military plan called Operation Condor. The mission was to eliminate opponents to the regimes. Many of the victims came to be known as the “Disappeared,” because the government would simply make its detractors vanish.

It’s estimated that at least 60,000 people died as a result of Operation Condor. From the Amazon jungle in Brazil to the cold lands of Patagonia, thousands of victims were placed in unmarked graves, while others were thrown alive into the ocean from airplanes. (read more)

TIANANMEN SQUARE PROTESTS IN 1989

The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, also known as the June Fourth Incident in Chinese, were student-led popular demonstrations in Beijing which took place in the spring of 1989 and received broad support from city residents, exposing deep splits within China’s political leadership.

The protests were forcibly suppressed by hardline leaders who ordered the military to enforce martial law in the country’s capital. The crackdown that initiated on June 3–4 became known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre or the June 4 Massacre as troops with assault rifles and tanks inflicted thousands of casualties on unarmed civilians trying to block the military’s advance on Tiananmen Square in the heart of Beijing, which student demonstrators had occupied for seven weeks.

The scale of military mobilization and the resulting bloodshed were unprecedented in the history of Beijing, a city with a rich tradition of popular protests in the 20th century. (+)

IMAGE INFO:
#1: Stuart Franklin
#2: Jeff Widener
#3: Unknown photographer

This day in history:

A lone, unknown man, referred to by many simply as “Tank Man” stands in front of a column of Army tanks in Beijing the day after the Chinese government’s violent crackdown on protesters in Tiananmen Square.

The identity of the man and what became of him are still a mystery to this day.


June 5, 1989 - 24 years ago today

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(via picturesofwar-deactivated201307)

© Hannalog, May 31, 2013, Early Afternoon, Istanbul, Turkey

As news coverage on the protests in Istanbul is really poor (at least here in Europe) I present some insight pictures, taken by my friend Hanna aka ‘piratin’.

police attacks protestors on taksim square and then starts to chase us away from istiklal caddesi / taksim area with gaz bombs and water cannons .